The Aswan High Dam is located at the northern border of Egypt and Sudan in Aswan city. It is a rock-fill dam which is fed by the Lake Nasser and River Nile. The construction of this dam was started in 1960, and after eight years of construction, it was finally completed in 1968 with the total investment of $1bln. At that time, it was not inaugurated. The official inauguration was held two years after its completion in 1971.
This dam offers water for almost 33,600km 2 land with a reservoir capacity from nearly 132km 2 . It also controls the floods, generates power, and helps to improve navigation across the Nile. This dam facilitates the irrigation land of both Sudan and Egypt according to an agreement held between both countries held in 1959, in which Egypt has agreed to allocate 18.5 cubic km of waters to Sudan.
Brief History of Aswan High Dam
Aswan dam was first started to construct in 1898 in the supervision of Sir William Willcocks and completed in 1902. This dam faced lots of changes and variation in its design and architecture because of different factors. One of its elements was the Nile flooding. But after all of these, the Aswan dam was not sufficient to control the flooding. This was the reason that it was first known as Aswan low dam and the idea of constructing the Aswan high dam rose up. The Aswan high dam construction started in 1953 with the funding of the World Bank.
Reason of Aswan High Dam’s Construction
The main reason to construct the Aswan High Dam was the regulation of the river’s flow which serves entire Egypt. Every year, there was occurred flood in Nile river due to which massive amount of useful water had to become useless and drained into the sea. To deal with this issue, this dam was constructed so that it can control the floods and also regulate the water to the irrigation regions of Egypt. Additionally, it was a significant source to fulfil the power demand of almost half of Egypt.