Saqqara is among one of a few other famous necropolis sites closer to Cairo city that offer amazing sights as well as hold incredible archeological essentialness. Truth be told, Saqqara may hold more enthusiasm to archeologists than Giza. The immense site hosts burials dating from before the start of the Old Kingdom up through the Greek Period of Egyptian history.
Saqqara is located at west south of Cairo city , almost 30 km far from Giza Pleateau .
Saqqara comprises four pyramids and many tombs ( mastabas ) date back to different eras .
The most acclaimed structure by a wide margin at Saqqara is known as Djoser's Step Pyramid. Dating from the third dynasty , administration, it was built 2700 B.C . it is considered the first all-stone complex built on earth. It likewise displays an imperative architectural advancement for the development of Giza Pyramids as well as other later pyramids in fourth tradition and later.
Djoser's pyramid was the primary to utilize various mastabas (rectangular grave structures) stacked on top of each other to structure a stage pyramid. This development set the phase for smooth sides of Giza Pyramids as well as littler fifth and sixth line pyramids that are set up at Saqqara and different sites nearby, for example, Abu Sir and Dahshur.
Dispersed around the zone of Djoser's Step Pyramid are in excess of ten different pyramids and countless and burial temples from all through the Greek and Pharaonic Periods, which are in various states of repair.
Numerous later pyramids are totally ruined because of the substandard development techniques that were utilized by pharaohs amid the Middle Kingdom when the economy of Egypt vacillated, yet more than one at Saqqara are still all around sufficiently saved that you may have the opportunity to enter them.
The whole site of the Saqqara Necropolis is one of the largest burial sites in all of Egypt, surely worth a visit to anybody intrigued by the history of the pyramids.
Mastabas ( tombs )
The word Mastaba is an arabic word means a layer or a step . The Mastaba is considered the first form of the tombs , before building the pyramids, it looks like a room with its ceiling above the ground . The Mastaba comprises many rooms , daily life scenes are depicted on the walls of the rooms , the rooms used to contain many things belong to the owner of the mastaba to use them in his second life after death , the burial chamber is located under the mastaba almost 10 meters down , and the entrance for the burial chamber is located inside the mastaba
Cave church - Moqattam Mountain
Citadel (Mohamed Ali mosque)
Khan Elkalily Market
Old Cairo (Hanging church- saint serguis church - Ben Ezra synagogue)